Discurso en Defensa de las mugeres (1786) Josefa Amar y Borbón

En agosto de 1786, Josefa Amar y Borbón, escritora e intelectual, socia de la  Sociedad Económica de Zaragoza, publicó un ensayo en la revista Memorial literario, instructivo y curioso apoyando la admisión de mujeres a la Sociedad Económica de Madrid. El Memorial había publicado ensayos escritos por hombres a favor (Jovellanos) y en contra  (Cabarrús) de esa admisión.  Pueden leer en este pdf del volumen VIII del Memorial literario (1786)

Memorial_literario_instructivo_y_curioso 1786

los ensayos de Cabarrus (p 84 del pdf/ 74 de la revista), y de Amar y Borbón (p409 del pdf y 399 de la revista)


Condesa-Duquesa de Benavente, «Discurso»

This is a speech delivered by the Condesa-Duquesa de Benavente, María Josefa Alonso y Pimentel, the first of two women admitted to the Real Sociedad Económica de Madrid (the other being María Isidra Quintina de Guzmán), and published in the Memorial literario of  Septembre of 1786.

Condesa Duquesa Osuna discurso mem lit sept 1786

The issue begins with an account of a gathering of the Economic Society in July of 1786 at the home of the Beneventes (whose husband was also a member), in which the duchess delivered awards to the young female students of the escuelas patrióticas, schools for working class girls sponsored by the society to train them in jobs–spinning, weaving, embroidering, deemed by the Society to be vital to the economic and social development of Spain.  In the speech delivered to the Royal Society, and reproduced in the Memorial literario María Josefa thanks the Society for admitting her to membership the previous February, and claims to be unworthy of the honor, but willing to serve her country:

The duchess would go on to be one of the founding members of the Junta de Damas, Spain’s first civic organization for women, and served as its president from 1787-1790, 1801-1811 and 1814-1817.


CAPEL MARTÍNEZ, Rosa María , “Las mujeres de la Matritense: un ejemplo de asociacionismo ilustrado”, Asparkía, 17 (2006):  19-38

Website of the Junta de Damas 

Junta de DamasWikipedia.